Halin da ake ciki yanzu da Ci gaban Ci gaban gaba na Helium Liquid na Duniya da Kasuwar Gas

Helium wani sinadari ne mai alamar He and atomic number 2. Gas ne da ba kasafai ba, marar launi, marar ɗanɗano, marar ɗanɗano, mara guba, mara ƙonewa, mai ɗan narkewa a cikin ruwa.Matsakaicin Helium a cikin yanayi shine 5.24 x 10-4 ta yawan adadin girma.Tana da mafi ƙanƙanta tafasasshen ruwa da narkewar kowane sinadari, kuma tana wanzuwa a matsayin iskar gas kawai, sai dai cikin yanayi mai tsananin sanyi.

Ana jigilar helium da farko azaman helium gas ko ruwa kuma ana amfani dashi a cikin injin nukiliya, semiconductor, lasers, kwararan fitila, superconductivity, kayan aiki, semiconductor da fiber optics, cryogenic, MRI da R&D binciken bincike.

 

Madogarar sanyi mai ƙarancin zafi

Ana amfani da helium azaman mai sanyaya cryogenic don tushen sanyaya cryogenic, Irin su hoton maganadisu na maganadisu (MRI), spectroscopy magnetic resonance (NMR), superconducting quantum barbashi accelerator, babban hadron karo, interferometer (SQUID), electron spin resonance (ESR) da superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES), MHD superconducting janareta, superconducting firikwensin, ikon watsa, maglev sufuri, taro spectrometer, superconducting magnet, karfi Magnetic filin separators, annular filin superconducting maganadiso ga Fusion reactors da sauran cryogenic bincike.Helium yana sanyaya kayan aikin da ake kira cryogenic superconducting da maganadiso zuwa kusa da sifili, a wannan lokacin juriyar superconductor ba zato ba tsammani zuwa sifili.Ƙananan juriya na superconductor yana haifar da filin maganadisu mafi ƙarfi.A cikin yanayin kayan aikin MRI da ake amfani da su a asibitoci, filayen maganadisu masu ƙarfi suna samar da ƙarin daki-daki a cikin hotunan rediyo.

Ana amfani da helium a matsayin super coolant saboda helium yana da mafi ƙarancin narkewa da wuraren tafasa, baya ƙarfafawa a yanayin yanayi da 0K, kuma helium ba shi da ƙarfi a cikin sinadarai, wanda ya sa kusan ba zai yiwu a amsa da wasu abubuwa ba.Bugu da kari, helium ya zama superfluid kasa da 2.2 Kelvin.Har ya zuwa yanzu, ba a yi amfani da keɓantaccen matsananci-motsi a kowane aikace-aikacen masana'antu ba.A yanayin zafi ƙasa da 17 Kelvin, babu wani madadin helium a matsayin mai sanyaya a cikin tushen cryogenic.

 

Aeronautics da Astronautics

Ana kuma amfani da helium a cikin balloons da jiragen ruwa.Domin helium ya fi iska haske, jiragen ruwa da balloon suna cike da helium.Helium yana da fa'idar kasancewa mara ƙonewa, kodayake hydrogen ya fi buoyant kuma yana da ƙarancin tserewa daga membrane.Wani amfani na biyu shine a fasahar roka, inda ake amfani da helium a matsayin hanyar asara don kawar da mai da oxidizer a cikin tankunan ajiya da tara hydrogen da oxygen don yin roka mai.Hakanan za'a iya amfani da shi don cire man fetur da oxidizer daga kayan aikin tallafi na ƙasa kafin a harba, kuma yana iya riga ya sanyaya hydrogen ruwa a cikin jirgin.A cikin roka na Saturn V da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin shirin Apollo, ana bukatar kimanin mita 370,000 (cubic feet) na helium don harbawa.

 

Gano Leak Bututu da Binciken Ganewa

Wani amfani da masana'antu na helium shine gano leda.Ana amfani da gano leka don gano ɗigogi a cikin tsarin da ke ɗauke da ruwa da iskar gas.Saboda helium yana yaduwa ta cikin daskararru sau uku fiye da iska, ana amfani da shi azaman iskar gas don gano ɗigogi a cikin manyan kayan injin (kamar tankunan cryogenic) da tasoshin matsa lamba.Ana sanya abin a cikin ɗaki, sannan a kwashe a cika da helium.Ko da a cikin ɗigon ɗigon ruwa mai ƙasa da 10-9 mbar • L/s (10-10 Pa •m3 / s), helium da ke tserewa ta hanyar ɗigon na'ura na iya ganowa ta na'ura mai mahimmanci (ma'aunin gani na helium mass spectrometer).Hanyar aunawa yawanci tana sarrafa kanta kuma ana kiranta gwajin haɗin gwiwar helium.Wata hanya mafi sauƙi ita ce a cika abin da ake tambaya da helium da kuma nemo leaks da hannu ta amfani da na'urar hannu.

Ana amfani da helium don gano ɗigon ruwa saboda shine mafi ƙanƙanta kwayoyin halitta kuma kwayar halitta ce ta monatomic, don haka helium yana yawo cikin sauƙi.Ana cika iskar helium a cikin abin yayin da ake gano ɗigon ruwan, kuma idan yaɗuwar ya faru, na'urar binciken sararin samaniyar helium za ta iya gano wurin da ya zubar.Ana iya amfani da helium don gano ɗigogi a cikin roka, tankunan mai, masu musayar zafi, layin gas, na'urorin lantarki, bututun TELEBIJIN da sauran abubuwan masana'anta.An fara amfani da gano ɗigogi ta amfani da helium yayin aikin Manhattan don gano ɗigogi a masana'antar inganta uranium.Ana iya maye gurbin helium gano leak da hydrogen, nitrogen, ko cakuda hydrogen da nitrogen.

 

Welding da Karfe Aiki

Ana amfani da iskar helium azaman iskar kariya a cikin waldawar baka da waldawar al'ada ta plasma saboda girman ƙarfin ionization ɗinsa fiye da sauran atom.Gas na helium da ke kewaye da walda yana hana ƙarfe daga oxidizing a cikin narkakkar yanayi.Babban ƙarfin ionization mai ƙarfi na helium yana ba da damar waldawar plasma baka na ƙarfe iri ɗaya da ake amfani da su a cikin gini, ginin jirgi, da sararin samaniya, kamar titanium, zirconium, magnesium, da aluminium gami.Ko da yake ana iya maye gurbin helium da ke cikin iskar garkuwa da argon ko hydrogen, wasu kayan (kamar titanium helium) ba za a iya maye gurbinsu da walƙiya ba.Domin helium shine kawai iskar gas da ke da aminci a yanayin zafi.

Daya daga cikin mafi aiki yankunan na ci gaba shi ne bakin karfe waldi.Helium iskar gas ne mara aiki, wanda ke nufin baya shan wani sinadari idan aka fallasa shi ga wasu abubuwa.Wannan sifa tana da mahimmanci musamman a cikin iskar kariyar walda.

Helium kuma yana gudanar da zafi sosai.Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa ake amfani da shi a cikin walda inda ake buƙatar shigarwar zafi mafi girma don inganta wettability na weld.Helium kuma yana da amfani ga saurin gudu.

Helium yawanci ana haɗe shi da argon a cikin adadi daban-daban a cikin cakuda iskar gas mai karewa don cin gajiyar kyawawan kaddarorin gas guda biyu.Helium, alal misali, yana aiki azaman iskar gas mai karewa don taimakawa samar da faɗuwar hanyoyin shiga tsakani yayin walda.Amma helium baya samar da tsaftacewar da argon ke yi.

Sakamakon haka, masana'antun ƙarfe sukan yi la'akari da haɗa argon da helium a matsayin wani ɓangare na aikin su.Don waldawar baka mai garkuwar iskar gas, helium na iya ƙunsar kashi 25% zuwa 75% na cakuda iskar gas a cikin gauran helium/argon.Ta hanyar daidaita abubuwan da ke tattare da cakuda gas mai karewa, mai walda zai iya yin tasiri akan rarraba zafi na walda, wanda hakan yana rinjayar siffar giciye na karfe na walda da kuma saurin waldawa.

 

Masana'antar Semiconductor Electronic

A matsayin iskar iskar gas, helium yana da tsayayye wanda da kyar yake amsawa da wasu abubuwa.Wannan kadarar ta sa ta yi amfani da ita azaman garkuwa a waldawar baka (don hana gurɓacewar iskar oxygen a cikin iska).Helium kuma yana da wasu mahimman aikace-aikace, kamar semiconductor da masana'anta fiber na gani.Bugu da ƙari, yana iya maye gurbin nitrogen a cikin ruwa mai zurfi don hana samuwar kumfa na nitrogen a cikin jini, don haka hana cututtuka na ruwa.

 

Girman Tallan Helium na Duniya (2016-2027)

Kasuwancin helium na duniya ya kai dala miliyan 1825.37 a cikin 2020 kuma ana tsammanin ya kai dala miliyan 2742.04 a cikin 2027, tare da haɓakar haɓakar shekara-shekara (CAGR) na 5.65% (2021-2027).Masana'antar tana da babban rashin tabbas a cikin shekaru masu zuwa.Bayanan hasashen 2021-2027 a cikin wannan takarda sun dogara ne akan ci gaban tarihi na shekarun da suka gabata, ra'ayoyin masana masana'antu da kuma ra'ayoyin masu sharhi a cikin wannan takarda.

Masana'antar helium ta tattara sosai, ana samun su daga albarkatun ƙasa, kuma tana da iyakancewar masana'antun duniya, galibi a Amurka, Rasha, Qatar da Aljeriya.A cikin duniya, sashen masu amfani da kayayyaki ya ta'allaka ne a cikin Amurka, Sin, Turai da sauransu.Amurka tana da dogon tarihi da matsayi mara girgiza a masana'antar.

Kamfanoni da yawa suna da masana'antu da yawa, amma yawanci ba sa kusa da kasuwannin masu amfani da su.Saboda haka, samfurin yana da tsadar sufuri.

Tun daga shekaru biyar na farko, samarwa ya girma a hankali.Helium tushen makamashi ne wanda ba za a iya sabunta shi ba, kuma ana aiwatar da tsare-tsare wajen samar da kasashe don tabbatar da ci gaba da amfani da shi.Wasu sun yi hasashen cewa helium zai kare nan gaba.

Masana'antar tana da kaso mai yawa na shigo da kaya da fitarwa.Kusan duk ƙasashe suna amfani da helium, amma kaɗan ne kawai ke da ajiyar helium.

Helium yana da fa'idar amfani da yawa kuma zai kasance ana samunsa a ƙarin fage.Idan aka yi la’akari da karancin albarkatun kasa, bukatar helium na iya karuwa nan gaba, inda ake bukatar hanyoyin da suka dace.Ana sa ran farashin helium zai ci gaba da tashi daga 2021 zuwa 2026, daga $13.53/m3 (2020) zuwa $19.09/m3 (2027).

Masana'antu sun shafi tattalin arziki da siyasa.Yayin da tattalin arzikin duniya ke farfadowa, mutane da yawa suna damuwa game da inganta yanayin muhalli, musamman a yankunan da ba a ci gaba ba tare da yawan jama'a da ci gaban tattalin arziki cikin sauri, buƙatar helium zai karu.

A halin yanzu, manyan masana'antun duniya sun haɗa da Rasgas, Linde Group, Air Chemical, ExxonMobil, Air Liquide (Dz) da Gazprom (Ru), da dai sauransu. A cikin 2020, yawan tallace-tallace na Top 6 masana'antun zai wuce 74%.Ana sa ran cewa gasar a masana'antar za ta kara karfi a cikin 'yan shekaru masu zuwa.

 

HL Cryogenic Equipment

Saboda karancin albarkatun helium na ruwa da hauhawar farashin, yana da mahimmanci a rage asarar da dawo da helium na ruwa a cikin amfani da tsarin sufuri.

HL Cryogenic Equipment wanda aka kafa a cikin 1992 alama ce mai alaƙa da HL Cryogenic Equipment Company Cryogenic Equipment Co., Ltd.HL Cryogenic Equipment ya himmatu ga ƙira da kera na Babban Vacuum Insulated Cryogenic Pipe System da Kayan Tallafi masu alaƙa don biyan buƙatun abokan ciniki daban-daban.The Vacuum Insulated Pipe da M Hose an gina su a cikin wani babban wuri da kuma Multi-Layer Multi-Layer Multi-Allon na musamman insulated kayan, da kuma wucewa ta cikin jerin musamman tsauraran fasaha jiyya da babban injin magani, wanda ake amfani da canja wurin na ruwa oxygen, ruwa nitrogen. , ruwa argon, ruwa hydrogen, ruwa helium, liquefied ethylene gas LEG da liquefied yanayi gas LNG.

Jerin samfurin Vacuum Jacketed Pipe, Vacuum Jacketed Hose, Vacuum Jacketed Valve, da Mai Rarraba Mataki a cikin Kamfanin Kayan Aikin HL Cryogenic, wanda ya wuce ta jerin manyan jiyya na fasaha, ana amfani dashi don canja wurin oxygen na ruwa, nitrogen ruwa, argon ruwa, ruwa hydrogen, helium helium, LEG da LNG, kuma waɗannan samfuran ana ba da su don kayan aikin cryogenic (misali tankuna na cryogenic, dewars da akwatunan sanyi da sauransu) a cikin masana'antar rabuwar iska, gas, jirgin sama, lantarki, superconductor, kwakwalwan kwamfuta, taro na atomatik, abinci & abin sha, kantin magani, asibiti, bankin biobank, roba, sabbin kayan aikin injiniyan sinadarai, ƙarfe & ƙarfe, da binciken kimiyya da sauransu.

HL Cryogenic Equipment Company ya zama ƙwararren mai sayarwa / mai sayarwa na Linde, Air Liquide, Air Products (AP), Praxair, Messer, BOC, Iwatani, da Hangzhou Oxygen Plant Group (Hangyang) da dai sauransu.


Lokacin aikawa: Maris 28-2022